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Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland and both environmental and genetic factors contribute to disease aetiology. Cytokines, such as interleukin 4 (IL-4) and interleukin 10 (IL-10), are involved in the immune response and may be implicated in the autoimmune disease process. Associations have been reported between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-10 and the Ile50Val polymorphism of the IL-4 receptor gene (IL-4R) gene and atopy and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. The autoimmune diseases cluster within families and susceptibility genes may overlap between the different disorders. Therefore, we investigated 5 SNPs (-592C/A, -657G/A, - 819C/T, -1349A/G, and -2013G/A) in the promoter region of the IL-10 and the Ile50Val polymorphism (A/G) in the IL-4R in a large UK population based case-control dataset with GD. No association was found between the polymorphisms studied and GD and no significant differences were found in genotype or allele frequencies between the patients and control subjects. We conclude these polymorphisms of IL-10 and IL-4R previously associated with other immune mediated diseases, do not confer susceptibility to GD in white Caucasians in the United Kingdom.


Journal article



Publication Date





189 - 194


Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Graves Disease, Humans, Interleukin-10, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Receptors, Interleukin-4, United Kingdom