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Diastolic dysfunction may be the earliest marker of a diabetes-induced heart muscle disease which leads to the progressive development of cardiac failure. Left ventricular diastolic function was indirectly assessed using pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound mitral-flow velocities in 20 normotensive patients with a new diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, normal cardiac function and no evidence of coronary artery disease and in 16 age-matched normal subjects. Peak velocities of early (E) and late (A) left ventricular filling were measured. The median (interquartile ranges) peak E/A ratio was significantly reduced in the diabetic group 0.96 (0.8-1.2) vs 1.2 (1.1-1.3), P < 0.01. Despite improvements in glycaemic control over 3 months, HbA1c 9.9% (7.6%-10.5%) to 7.4% (6.5%-7.9%), P < 0.001, maintained at 6 months, HbA1c 7.0% (6.4%-7.3%), there were no changes in the E/A ratio, 0.96 (0.83-1.15) and 0.95 (0.83-1.17), respectively. Furthermore, there was no correlation between percentage change in HbA1c and E/A ratio over 6 months. The results of this study suggest that in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and normal systolic function, diastolic function was impaired at diagnosis and was not affected by an improvement in the glycaemic control.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Acta Diabetol

Publication Date

06/1995

Volume

32

Pages

110 - 115

Keywords

Blood Glucose, Cholesterol, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diastole, Electrocardiography, Fibrinogen, Follow-Up Studies, Gated Blood-Pool Imaging, Glucose Tolerance Test, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated, Humans, Middle Aged, Reference Values, Systole, Time Factors, Triglycerides, Ventricular Function, Left