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Acute spontaneous compartment syndrome is a rare orthopaedic emergency that usually presents to general physicians as an acute medical admission. Most cases reported to date, in patients with diabetes, are in those with long-standing disease or with evidence of diabetic complications. An acute spontaneous compartment syndrome in a girl with recent diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is reported here. Awareness of the condition allows early recognition and diagnosis, thereby preventing more severe muscle necrosis and disability.

Original publication




Journal article


Emerg Med J

Publication Date





507 - 508


Acute Disease, Adolescent, Compartment Syndromes, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Emergencies, Female, Humans, Leg, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Muscle, Skeletal