Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Cytokine receptors activate multiple signal transduction pathways, resulting in the induction of specific target genes. We have recently identified a hematopoietic cell-specific immediate-early gene, DUB-1, that encodes a growth-regulatory deubiquitinating enzyme. The DUB-1 gene contains a 112-bp enhancer element that is specifically induced by the beta c subunit of the interleukin-3 (IL-3) receptor. To investigate the mechanism of DUB-1 induction, we examined the effects of dominant-negative forms of JAK kinases, STAT transcription factors, and Raf-1 in transient transfection assays. In Ba/F3 cells, IL-3 induced a dose-dependent activation of DUB-1-luciferase (luc) and GAS-luc reporter constructs. A dominant-negative form of JAK2 (truncated at amino acid 829) inhibited the induction of DUB-1-luc and GAS-luc by IL-3. A dominant-negative form of STAT5 (truncated at amino acid 650) inhibited the induction of GAS-luc but not DUB-1-luc. A dominant-negative form of Raf-1 inhibited the induction of DUB-1-luc but had no effect on the induction of GAS-luc by IL-3. The requirement for JAK2 in the stimulation of the DUB-1 enhancer was further supported by the suppression of DUB-1 induction in Ba/F3 cells stably expressing the dominant-negative JAK2 polypeptide. We hypothesize that IL-3 activates a JAK2/Raf-1 signaling pathway that is required for DUB-1 induction and is independent of STAT5.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Cell Biol

Publication Date

06/1997

Volume

17

Pages

3364 - 3372

Keywords

Animals, Cell Division, Cells, Cultured, DNA, DNA-Binding Proteins, Endopeptidases, Enhancer Elements, Genetic, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Growth Inhibitors, Immediate-Early Proteins, Interferon-alpha, Interleukin-3, Janus Kinase 2, Mice, Milk Proteins, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf, Receptors, Interleukin-3, STAT5 Transcription Factor, Signal Transduction, Trans-Activators, Transfection