Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The transcription factor FOXP3 plays a key role in CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cell function and represents a specific marker for these cells. Despite its strong association with regulatory T cell function, in humans little is known about the frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+) cells that express FOXP3 protein nor the distribution of these cells in vivo. Here we report the characterization of seven anti-FOXP3 monoclonal antibodies enabling the detection of endogenous human FOXP3 protein by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Flow-cytometric analysis showed that FOXP3 was expressed by the majority of CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells in peripheral blood. By contrast, less than half of the CD4(+)CD25(int) population were FOXP3(+), providing an explanation for observations in human T cells that regulatory activity is enriched within the CD4(+)CD25(high) pool. Although FOXP3 expression was primarily restricted to CD4(+)CD25(+) cells, it was induced following activation of both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell clones. These findings indicate that the frequency of FOXP3(+) cells correlates with the level of expression of CD25 in naturally arising regulatory T cells and that FOXP3 protein is expressed by some activated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell clones. These reagents represent valuable research tools to further investigate FOXP3 function and are applicable for routine clinical use.

Original publication




Journal article


Eur J Immunol

Publication Date





1681 - 1691


Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Cross Reactions, DNA-Binding Proteins, Forkhead Transcription Factors, Humans, Immune Tolerance, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Receptors, Interleukin-2, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory