Medical treatment in acute and long-term secondary prevention after transient ischaemic attack and ischaemic stroke.
Rothwell PM., Algra A., Amarenco P.
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Without improvements in prevention, the burden will increase during the next 20 years because of the ageing population, especially in developing countries. Major advances have occurred in secondary prevention during the past three decades, which demonstrate the broader potential to prevent stroke. We review the main medical treatments that should be considered for most patients with transient ischaemic attack or ischaemic stroke in the acute phase and the long term, and draw attention to recent developments.