Angiography-derived index of microvascular resistance in takotsubo syndrome.
Castaldi G., Fezzi S., Widmann M., Lia M., Rizzetto F., Mammone C., Pazzi S., Piccolo S., Galli V., Pighi M., Pesarini G., Prati D., Ferrero V., Scarsini R., Tavella D., Ribichini F.
Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) has been proposed as a key driver in the etiopathogenesis of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), likely related to an "adrenergic storm" upon a susceptible microvascular circulation. The aim of our manuscript was to assess CMD in patients with TTS through the computation of the angiography-derived index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and its correlation with clinical presentation. Coronary angiograms of 41 consecutive TTS patients were retrospectively analyzed to derive angiography-based indices of CMD. Three indices (NH-IMRangio, AngioIMR and A-IMR) were calculated based on quantitative flow ratio. CMD was defined as an IMRangio value ≥ 25 units. The correlation between CMD and clinical presentation was then assessed. Median age was 76 years, 85.7% were women and mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at first echocardiogram was 41.2%. Angiography-derived IMR was higher in left anterior descending artery (LAD) than circumflex and right coronary artery with either NH-IMRangio (53.9 ± 19.8 vs 35.8 ± 15.4 vs 40.8 ± 18.5, p-value