Sex differences in clinical profile, management, and outcomes of patients hospitalized for atrial fibrillation in the United States.
Noubiap JJ., Thomas G., Agbaedeng TA., Fitzgerald JL., Gallagher C., Middeldorp ME., Sanders P.
AimsThis study aimed to investigate the impact of sex on the clinical profile, utilization of rhythm control therapies, cost of hospitalization, length of stay, and in-hospital mortality in patients admitted for atrial fibrillation (AF) in the United States.Methods and resultsWe used data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for the year 2018. Regression analysis was performed to investigate differences between men and women. A P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. We included 82592 patients with a primary diagnosis of of AF 50.8% women. Women were significantly older (mean age 74 vs. 67 years, P ConclusionThere were differences in the risk profile, management, and outcomes between men and women hospitalized for AF. Further studies are needed to explore why women are treated differently regarding rhythm control procedures.