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OBJECTIVES: To describe the protocol for a multinational randomised, parallel, superiority trial, in which patients were randomised to receive early high-dose cryoprecipitate in addition to standard major haemorrhage protocol (MHP), or Standard MHP alone. BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion support for trauma-related major bleeding includes red cells, plasma and platelets. The role of concentrated sources of fibrinogen is less clear and has not been evaluated in large clinical trials. Fibrinogen is a key pro-coagulant factor that is essential for stable clot formation. A pilot trial had demonstrated that it was feasible to deliver cryoprecipitate as a source of fibrinogen within 90 min of admission. METHODS: Randomisation was via opaque sealed envelopes held securely in participating Emergency Departments or transfusion laboratories. Early cryoprecipitate, provided as 3 pools (equivalent to 15 single units of cryoprecipitate or 6 g fibrinogen supplementation), was transfused as rapidly as possible, and started within 90 min of admission. Participants in both arms received standard treatment defined in the receiving hospital MHP. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality at 28 days. Symptomatic thrombotic events including venous thromboembolism and arterial thrombotic events (myocardial infarction, stroke) were collected from randomisation up to day 28 or discharge from hospital. EQ5D-5Land Glasgow Outcome Score were completed at discharge and 6 months. All analyses will be performed on an intention to treat basis, with per protocol sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: The trial opened for recruitment in June 2017 and the final patient completed follow-up in May 2022. DISCUSSION: This trial will provide firmer evidence to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of early high-dose cryoprecipitate alongside the standard MHP in major traumatic haemorrhage.

Original publication




Journal article


Transfus Med

Publication Date



Haemorrhage, cryoprecipitate, fibrinogen, transfusion, trauma