Quantification of PtdInsP<inf>3</inf> molecular species in cells and tissues by mass spectrometry
Clark J., Anderson KE., Juvin V., Smith TS., Karpe F., Wakelam MJO., Stephens LR., Hawkins PT.
Class I phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms generate the intracellular signaling lipid, phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3). PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 regulates major aspects of cellular behavior, and the use of both genetic and pharmacological intervention has revealed important isoform-specific roles for PI3Ks in health and disease. Despite this interest, current methods for measuring PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 have major limitations, including insensitivity, reliance on radiolabeling, low throughput and an inability to resolve different fatty-acyl species. We introduce a methodology based on phosphate methylation coupled to high-performance liquid chromatographyg-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) to solve many of these problems and describe an integrated approach to quantify PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 and related phosphoinositides (regio-isomers of PtdInsP and PtdInsP2 are not resolved). This methodology can be used to quantify multiple fatty-acyl species of PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 in unstimulated mouse and human cells (≥10 5 ) or tissues (≥0.1 mg) and their increase upon appropriate stimulation. © 2011 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.