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Cord blood units (n = 5500) stored at the London Cord Blood Bank, including 59 units transplanted into a high risk and heterogeneous group of patients, were analysed. Transplant outcome data was available for 44 patients with a median clinical follow-up of 14 months (range 3-44 months). Over 40% of the collected units were of ethnic minority origin with a median volume of 79 ml (range 40-240 ml) and a median total nucleated cell (TNC) count of 11.9 x 10(9)/l (range 10.0-24.8 x 10(9)/l). The average patient's weight was 28 kg (range 5-80 kg) and the median age was 8 years (range 0.7-40 years). The median number of nucleated cells infused was 4 x 10(7)/kg (range 1.10-16 x 10(7)/kg). Neutrophil engraftment of 0.5 x 10(9)/l was observed in 33 (74+/-%) patients with an average time of 28 days (range 11-60). The Kaplan-Meier estimate of acute graft-versus-host disease (grade II >) at day 100 was 37 +/- 7% and in 27 (62%) patients, it was grade I or absent. The overall survival and disease-free survival at 2 years was 49 +/- 8% and 41 +/- 8%, respectively. Two years after transplantation the survival rate was 69% and 54% for patients receiving a 6/6 or 5/6 HLA matched units, respectively. Infection was the main cause of transplanted related mortality in these patients.

Original publication




Journal article


British journal of haematology

Publication Date





358 - 365


The London Cord Blood Bank, National Blood Service, Colindale Centre, London, UK.


Fetal Blood, Humans, Hematologic Neoplasms, Graft vs Host Disease, Histocompatibility Testing, Cryopreservation, Blood Preservation, Treatment Outcome, Follow-Up Studies, Graft Survival, Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Blood Donors, Blood Banks, London, Female, Male, Ethnicity