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There is emerging evidence of inequalities in healthcare provision between women and men. Trauma care is no exception with a number of studies indicating lower levels of prioritisation for injured female patients. The antifibrinolytic drug tranexamic acid, reduced trauma deaths to a similar extent in females and males in the international Clinical Randomisation of an Antifibrinolytic in Significant Haemorrhage (CRASH) randomised controlled trials, but in real-world practice, national registry data shows females are less likely to receive tranexamic acid than males. Inequity in the provision of tranexamic acid may extend beyond sex (and gender), and further study is required to examine the effect of age and mechanism of injury differences between men and women in the decision to treat.

Original publication




Journal article


Br J Anaesth

Publication Date



bleeding, equity, gender, haemorrhage, sex, tranexamic acid, trauma