Interactions of Mediterranean Diet, Obesity, Polypharmacy, Depression and Systemic Inflammation with Frailty Status.
Panagiotakis SH., Simos P., Basta M., Zaganas I., Perysinaki GS., Akoumianakis I., Tziraki C., Lionis C., Vgontzas A., Boumpas D.
Objective:Comprehensive characterization of potential frailty determinants, including sociodemographic, clinical, dietary, psychological, cognitive and systemic inflammation parameters. Methods:A rural cohort of 186 subjects aged 60-89 years recruited from a community-based study in Crete, Greece (the Cretan Aging Cohort). Frailty was assessed with the Simple "Frail" Questionnaire Screening Tool. Results:Univariate analyses revealed significant (a) positive associations (p<0.01) between frailty and age, widowhood, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score, waist circumference, polypharmacy, IL-6 and (b) negative associations between frailty and frequency of contact with friends, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Multivariate analyses revealed a significant independent contribution of the following variables to frailty: age (B=0.035, p<0.001), GDS score (B=0.041, p=0.034), polypharmacy (B=0.568, p<0.001), waist circumference (B=0.015, p=0,006), plasma IL-6 levels (B=0.189, p=0.004), and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (B=-0.036, p=0.015). Conclusion:Older age, depression symptoms, polypharmacy, waist circumference, poor adherence to Mediterranean diet and IL-6 plasma levels are associated with increased frailty.