Efficacy and safety of same-day discharge after atrial fibrillation ablation compared with post-procedural overnight stay: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Tang PT., Davies M., Bashir Y., Betts TR., Pedersen M., Rajappan K., Ginks MR., Wijesurendra RS.
AIMS: Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) has historically required inpatient admission post-procedure, but same-day discharge (SDD) has recently been reported. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of SDD compared with overnight stay (OS) post-ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a systematic search of the PubMed database. Random-effects meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy (successful SDD) and safety (24 h complications, 30-day complications, 30-day re-admissions, and 30-day mortality) of a SDD AF ablation strategy. Fourteen non-randomized observational studies met criteria for inclusion, encompassing 26488 patients undergoing AF ablation, of whom 9766 were SDD. The mean age of participants was 61.9 years, and 67.9% were male. Around 61.7% underwent ablation for paroxysmal AF. The pooled success rate of SDD was 83.2% [95% confidence intervals (CIs): 61.5-97.0%, I2 100%]. The risk of bias was severe for all effect estimates due to confounding, as most cohorts were retrospectively identified without appropriately matched comparators. There was no significant difference in 30-day complications [odds ratio (OR): 0.95, 95% CI: 0.65-1.40, I2 53%] or 30-day re-admission (OR 0.96, 95% CI: 0.49-1.89, I2 82%) between groups. There were insufficient data for meta-analysis of 24 h complications and 30-day mortality. Where reported, no re-admissions occurred due to 24 h complications after SDD. Two deaths (0.04%) were reported in both SDD and OS groups. CONCLUSION: Same-day discharge after AF ablation appears to be an effective and safe strategy in selected patients. However, the available evidence is of low quality, and more robust prospective studies comparing SDD to OS are needed.