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Context: Blood lipid levels are linked to the risk of cardiovascular disease and regulated by genetic factors. A low-frequency polymorphism Arg82Cys (rs72836561) in the membrane protein nepmucin, encoded by CD300LG, is associated with lower fasting concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) and higher fasting triglycerides. However, whether the variant is linked to postprandial lipids and glycemic status remains elusive. Objective: Here, we augment the genetic effect of Arg82Cys on fasting plasma concentrations of HDL subclasses, postprandial lipemia after a standardized high-fat meal, and glycemic status to further untangle its role in HDL metabolism. Methods: We elucidated fasting associations with HDL subclasses in a population-based cohort study (Oxford BioBank, OBB), including 4522 healthy men and women. We investigated fasting and postprandial consequences on HDL metabolism in recall-by-genotype (RbG) studies (fasting: 20 carrier/20 noncarrier; postprandial: 7 carrier/17 noncarrier), and shed light on the synergistic interaction with glycemic status. Results: A lower fasting plasma concentration of cholesterol in large HDL particles was found in healthy male carriers of the Cys82 polymorphism compared to noncarriers, both in the OBB (P = .004) and RbG studies (P = .005). In addition, the Cys82 polymorphism was associated with low fasting plasma concentrations of ApoA1 (P = .008) in the OBB cohort. On the contrary, we did not find differences in postprandial lipemia or 2-hour plasma glucose levels. Conclusion: Taken together, our results indicate an association between the Arg82Cys variant and a lower concentration of HDL particles and HDLc, especially in larger HDL subclasses, suggesting a link between nepmucin and HDLc metabolism or maturation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1210/jendso/bvac034

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Endocr Soc

Publication Date

01/05/2022

Volume

6

Keywords

apolipoproteins, cholesterol transport, human genetics, lipid metabolism, metabolism, triglycerides