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PURPOSE: To evaluate the sodium longitudinal relaxation (T(1)) characteristics for myocardium and blood in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven healthy volunteers were examined by using a (23)Na heart surface coil at a 1.5 T clinical scanner equipped with a broadband spectroscopy option. (23)Na MR measurements were performed by using a three-dimensional spoiled gradient echo sequence (in-plane resolution, 3.5 mm x 7 mm; slice thickness, 24 mm; TE, 3.1 msec; bandwidth, 65 Hz/pixel; TR, 21 to 150 msec). RESULTS: Longitudinal T(1) relaxation time components were 31.6+/-7.0 msec and 31.1+/-7.5 msec for myocardium and blood, respectively. CONCLUSION: (23)Na T(1) relaxation times of myocardium and blood can be determined in humans. The results are in agreement with values obtained from animal studies.

Original publication




Journal article


J Magn Reson Imaging

Publication Date





726 - 729


Adult, Blood, Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional, Female, Heart, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Myocardium, Reference Values, Sodium, Sodium Isotopes, Time Factors