Altered energy metabolism after myocardial infarction assessed by 31P-MR-spectroscopy in humans.
Beer M., Sandstede J., Landschütz W., Viehrig M., Harre K., Horn M., Meininger M., Pabst T., Kenn W., Haase A., von Kienlin M., Neubauer S., Hahn D.
The value of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) as a possible tool to distinguish viable from non-viable tissue after myocardial infarction was analysed in humans. Fifteen patients 3 weeks after anterior myocardial infarction were studied with breath-hold cine MRI and 3D-CSI MRS (1.5 T system). 31P-spectra were obtained from infarcted as well as non-infarcted myocardium (voxel size 25 cm3 each). Gold standard for viability was recovery of regional function, as determined by a control MRI 6 months after revascularization. Ten age-matched healthy volunteers served as control group. No significant difference was found between the phosphocreatine to adenosinetriphosphate (PCr/ ATP) ratio of volunteers (SD 1.72+/-0.31) and non-infarcted septal myocardium of patients. Cine MRI demonstrated recovery of regional function in 10 patients, i. e. 10 patients showed viable and 5 non-viable myocardium. In viable myocardium, the PCr/ATP ratio was 1.47+/-0.38 (non-significant vs volunteers; p>0.05). In the 5 patients with akinetic myocardium, PCr peaks could not be detected. Therefore, calculation of PCr/ATP ratios was not possible. However, a significant reduction of the ATP signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was observed (2.92+/-0.73 vs 6.68+/-0.80; patients vs volunteers; p<0.05). The SNR of ATP of akinetic regions may predict recovery of function after revascularization in patients with myocardial infarction.