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OBJECTIVE: Experimental studies have demonstrated that acute myocardial infarction (MI) alters energy metabolism even in non-infarcted adjacent tissue. In patients with subacute MI, the influence of the regional ischemic insult on energy metabolism of intact septal myocardium was analyzed using 31P-Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In eight patients with wall motion abnormalities in the anterior wall 31P-spectra were obtained from non-infarcted adjacent septal myocardium, as well as infarcted anterior myocardium (voxel size 25 ccm each) 29+/-8 days after MI using a 3D-CSI technique. Additionally, cardiac function was analyzed using breath-hold cine MRI. MRI was repeated 6 months after revascularization to assess viability of infarcted segments. Eight age-matched healthy volunteers served as control group. RESULTS: According to follow-up MRI 4/8 patients showed regional wall motion recovery. Here, PCr/ATP-ratios were not significantly reduced in intact septal myocardium as well as infarcted anterior myocardium compared to healthy volunteers (1.28+/-0.10 and 1.14+/-0.09 vs. 1.45+/-0.29). No recovery of regional function was detected in 4/8 patients with-therefore-non-viable anterior myocardium. PCr/ATP-ratios were significantly reduced in intact and infarcted myocardium compared with healthy volunteers as well as to patients with wall motion recovery (0.77+/-0.17 and 0.49+/-0.23; P<0.05). DISCUSSION: These preliminary results indicate that energy metabolism is reduced in patients with persisting wall motion abnormalities after myocardial infarction and revascularization in ischemically injured as well as in adjacent non-injured myocardium.

Type

Journal article

Journal

MAGMA

Publication Date

10/2001

Volume

13

Pages

70 - 75

Keywords

Aged, Case-Control Studies, Female, Heart, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardium