Advances in human cardiac 31P-MR spectroscopy: SLOOP and clinical applications.
von Kienlin M., Beer M., Greiser A., Hahn D., Harre K., Köstler H., Landschütz W., Pabst T., Sandstede J., Neubauer S.
Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) has revealed a lot about the biochemistry of physiological and pathological processes in the heart. Nevertheless, until today, cardiac 31P-MRS has not had any clinical impact, albeit some pioneering studies demonstrated that 31P-MRS can indeed provide diagnostic information. In this paper, the development of techniques for human cardiac 31P-MRS over the past decade is reviewed, and the requirements for a reliable clinical measurement protocol are discussed. Spatial localization with optimal pointspread function (SLOOP) is a new method to achieve spatial localization and absolute quantitation. Its properties are detailed, and preliminary findings in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy or myocardial infarction are presented.