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PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of sodium 23 ((23)Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for assessment of subacute and chronic myocardial infarction and compare with cine, late enhancement, and T2-weighted imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients underwent MR imaging 8 days +/- 4 (subacute, n = 15) or more than 6 months (chronic, n = 15) after myocardial infarction by using a (23)Na surface coil with a double angulated electrocardiogram-triggered three-dimensional gradient-echo sequence at 1.5 T. In addition, cine, inversion-recovery gradient-echo, and, in the subacute group, T2-weighted images (n = 9) were obtained. Myocardial infarction mass was depicted as elevated signal intensity or wall motion abnormalities and expressed as a percentage of total left ventricular mass for all modalities. Correlations were tested with correlation coefficients. RESULTS: All patients after subacute infarction and 12 of 15 patients with chronic infarction had an area of elevated (23)Na signal intensity that significantly correlated with wall motion abnormalities (subacute; r = 0.96, P <.001, and chronic; r = 0.9, P <.001); three patients had no wall motion abnormalities or elevated (23)Na signal intensity. Only 10 patients in the subacute and nine in the chronic group revealed late enhancement; significant correlation with (23)Na MR imaging occurred only in subacute group (r = 0.68, P <.05). Myocardial edema in subacute infarction correlated (r = 0.71, P <.05) with areas of elevated (23)Na signal intensity but was extensively larger. CONCLUSION: (23)Na MR imaging demonstrates dysfunctional myocardium caused by subacute and chronic myocardial infarction.

Original publication

DOI

10.1148/radiol.2211001563

Type

Journal article

Journal

Radiology

Publication Date

10/2001

Volume

221

Pages

222 - 228

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Chronic Disease, Feasibility Studies, Female, Humans, Image Enhancement, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Sodium, Time Factors