Fibrinogen Replacement in Haemostatic Resuscitation: Dose, Laboratory Targets and Product Choice.
Fibrinogen is a key coagulation protein that is necessary for the formation of stable clots. Fibrinogen levels have been reported to be one of the first to fall during major haemorrhage reflecting consumption, dilution and fibrinogenolysis. Its role in acquired major haemorrhage, both in relation to the contribution it plays to the coagulopathy of major bleeding that can exacerbate bleeding and how effective fibrinogen supplementation can be at improving clinical outcomes, has received a great deal of attention over the last 10 - 15 years. This commentary focuses on just three of the more recent publications from the last 5 years that provide some of the evidence behind how we can think about fibrinogen as a haemostatic treatment for acquired major haemorrhage and how we can use the laboratory thresholds to guide therapy.