Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Patients with liver diseases acquire complex alterations in their hemostatic system that may lead to abnormalities in routine diagnostic test of hemostasis. Thrombocytopenia, prolongations in the prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time, and decreased plasma fibrinogen are common in patients with advanced liver disease. Historically, liver diseases therefore have been classified as an acquired bleeding disorder. Laboratory and clinical observations have demonstrated that although routine diagnostic tests of hemostasis suggest a hypocoagulable state, patients with liver disease also tend to develop thrombotic events. Overall, patients have commensurate changes in both pro- and antihemostatic pathways. This new hemostatic balance, however, appears much more fragile than the hemostatic balance in individuals with normal liver function, and patients with liver disease can readily experience both hemostasis-related bleeding and thrombotic events. These insights into the hemostatic balance in patients with liver disease have led to revised recommendations for clinical management of hemostasis. In 2020, an SSC working group within the ISTH has been founded with the aim to disseminate new concepts on prevention and treatment of bleeding and thrombosis in patients with liver disease. The current document will outline the hemostatic changes in patients with liver disease, the limitations of routine diagnostic tests of hemostasis, and the concept of rebalanced hemostasis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/jth.15239

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH

Publication Date

04/2021

Volume

19

Pages

1116 - 1122

Addresses

Surgical Research Laboratory and Section of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Department of Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.