Negative cooperativity between juxtaposed E-box and cAMP/TPA responsive elements in the cholecystokinin gene promoter.
Rourke IJ., Hansen TV., Nerlov C., Rehfeld JF., Nielsen FC.
The promoter of the cholecystokinin (CCK) gene possesses evolutionary conserved juxtaposed E-box and cAMP/TPA responsive elements (CRE/TRE). We have examined the functional interaction of these two sites. As previously noted, c-Jun/c-Fos heterodimers greatly increase promoter activity through association with the CRE/TRE. Mutation of the E-box enhanced the activation by c-Jun/c-Fos, as well as stimulation by forskolin and bFGF, that acts through the CRE/TRE site. Moreover, c-Jun/c-Fos stimulation was inhibited by co-expression of c-Myc and Max. The results indicate that factors associating with the E-box exhibit a negative cooperative effect on the activation via the CRE/TRE element. We propose that this mechanism plays a significant role in CCK gene transcription and other genes with juxtaposed E-box and CRE/TRE.