Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Fibrin network characteristics determine predisposition to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Individuals with type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have higher risk of CVD and display deranged fibrin network structure. Those with maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) may also be at increased risk but their fibrin clot properties have not been studied. METHODS: Plasma clots properties from 13 individuals with HNF1A-MODY, 12 matched-individuals with T2DM and 12 with T1DM were studied using a validated turbidimetric assay and confocal microscopy. Plasma levels of fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, complement C3 and C-reactive protein were also measured. RESULTS: MODY clot maximum absorbance was 0.37 ± 0.03 AU, similar to T1DM (0.32 ± 0.03 AU; p = 0.26), but lower than T2DM (0.49 ± 0.03 AU; p = 0.02), with confocal microscopy confirming structural differences. Clot lysis time in MODY was similar to T1DM (456 ± 50 and 402 ± 20 s, respectively; p = 0.09) but shorter than T2DM (588 ± 58 s; p = 0.006). Comparing inflammatory/thrombotic proteins in HNF1A-MODY and T2DM, C3 levels were lower in MODY than T2DM (0.58 ± 0.09 and 0.80 ± 0.1 mg/ml, respectively; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: HNF1A-MODY fibrin network alterations are at least as pronounced as in T1DM but less thrombotic than T2DM clots. Differences in fibrin clot characteristics comparing HNF1A-MODY and T2DM may, in part, relate to lower C3 levels.

Original publication

DOI

10.1177/1479164120963048

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diab Vasc Dis Res

Publication Date

11/2020

Volume

17

Keywords

MODY, clot structure, fibrinolysis, thrombosis, Adult, Biomarkers, C-Reactive Protein, Complement C3, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Fibrin, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pilot Projects, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, Risk Factors, Thrombosis, Young Adult