Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Although serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was shown to associate with development of severe dengue, the reasons for high LPS and its subsequent involvement in disease pathogenesis are not known. We assessed serum LPS, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin in patients with acute dengue fever (DF = 129) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF = 64) and correlated these observations with the presence of comorbid illnesses, and clinical disease severity. Serum LPS levels were significantly (p = 0.01) higher in patients with DHF, compared to those with DF. In total, 45 (70%) of those with DHF and 63 (49%) of those with DF had detectable LPS and therefore, the presence of LPS was significantly associated with DHF (p = 0.005, OR = 2.48, 95% CI: 1.29 to 4.64). Those with metabolic diseases, 22/29 (75.9%) and those with atopic diseases 17/22 (77.3%) were significantly more likely to have detectable LPS levels (p = 0.025, OR = 2.9, 95% CI-1.17 to 7.59 and p = 0.039, OR = 3.06, 95% CI-1.07 to 7.81 respectively). Those with detectable LPS levels were also more likely to develop shock and severe thrombocytopenia. Patients with detectable LPS were more likely to have elevated CRP levels and were more likely to develop DHF. Procalcitonin levels too were significantly (p = 0.009) higher in those with DHF compared to those with DF and were more likely to be high in those with detectable serum LPS. Since serum LPS levels were higher in patients with DHF and significantly more likely to be present in those with comorbid illnesses, the possible role of LPS in disease pathogenesis should be further investigated.

Original publication




Journal article


Trop Med Infect Dis

Publication Date





CRP, dengue, lipopolysaccharide, metabolic diseases, severe dengue