Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of the anticancer agent epirubicin was carried out using the program NONMEM. Data were available from 36 patients aged 20-73 years, of whom 23 were women. All subjects exhibited normal liver and renal function. Epirubicin was given as a short-term i.v. infusion over the dose range of 25-100 mg/m2, and an average of 11 plasma samples/subject were taken for a period of up to 72 h after each dose. A Two compartment model was fitted to the data, characterised by the parameters clearance, volume of the central compartment, alpha and beta. Clearance was tested as a linear function of various demographic and/or biochemical features. A significant proportion of the variability in clearance could be attributed to sex, and also to age in women. For example, a 25-year-old man would display an average clearance of 95 l/h, whereas a 70-year-old woman would exhibit an average clearance of 64 l/h. Such differences in clearance might be important in the selection of epirubicin dose regimens.

Original publication




Journal article


Cancer Chemother Pharmacol

Publication Date





391 - 395


Adult, Aged, Aging, Breast Neoplasms, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Epirubicin, Female, Hodgkin Disease, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Biological, Sarcoma, Sex Characteristics, Time Factors