Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The doxorubicin-selected, P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-expressing human sarcoma cell line MES-Dx5 showed the following levels of resistance relative to the non-P-gp-expressing parental MES-SA cells in a 72 h exposure to cytotoxic drugs: etoposide twofold, doxorubicin ninefold, vinblastine tenfold, taxotere 19-fold and taxol 94-fold. GF120918 potently reversed resistance completely for all drugs. The EC50s of GF120918 to reverse resistance of MES-Dx5 cells were: etoposide 7+/-2 nM, vinblastine 19+/-3 nM, doxorubicin 21+/-6 nM, taxotere 57+/-14 nM and taxol 91+/-23 nM. MES-Dx5 cells exhibited an accumulation deficit relative to the parental MES-SA cells of 35% for [3H]-vinblastine, 20% for [3H]-taxol and [14C]-doxorubicin. The EC50 of GF120918, to reverse the accumulation deficit in MES-Dx5 cells, ranged from 37 to 64 nM for all three radiolabelled cytotoxics. [3H]-vinblastine bound saturably to membranes from MES-Dx5 cells with a KD of 7.8+/-1.4 nM and a Bmax of 5.2+/-1.6 pmol mg(-1) protein. Binding of [3H]-vinblastine to P-gp in MES-Dx5 membranes was inhibited by GF120918 (K = 5+/-1 nM), verapamil (Ki = 660+/-350 nM) and doxorubicin (Ki = 6940+/-2100 nM). Taxol, an allosteric inhibitor of [3H]-vinblastine binding to P-gp, could only displace 40% of [3H]-vinblastine (Ki = 400+/-140 nM). The novel acridonecarboxamide derivative GF120918 potently overcomes P-gp-mediated multidrug resistance in the human sarcoma cell line MES-Dx5. Detailed analysis revealed that five times higher GF120918 concentrations were needed to reverse drug resistance to taxol in the cytotoxicity assay compared to doxorubicin, vinblastine and etoposide. An explanation for this phenomenon had not been found.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/sj.bjc.6690791

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Cancer

Publication Date

11/1999

Volume

81

Pages

942 - 951

Keywords

ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1, Acridines, Antineoplastic Agents, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Resistance, Multiple, Drug Resistance, Neoplasm, Humans, Isoquinolines, Sarcoma, Tetrahydroisoquinolines, Tumor Cells, Cultured