Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We synthesized doxorubicin (Adriamycin, Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH)-loaded human albumin microspheres (containing approximately 1% doxorubicin w/w) between 15 and 20 micron in diameter. Intrarenal arterial administration of 99mTC-labeled microspheres demonstrated a high renal entrapment ratio (97% of recovered radioactivity). The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of doxorubicin are different when it is administered in microspherical form. Peak plasma levels are lower (16 ng/ml versus 135 ng/ml) compared with treatment by a doxorubicin solution. Histologic studies showed that the microspheres were trapped within capillaries and small arterioles in the renal vascular arcade. It is apparent that chemoembolization with doxorubicin-loaded microspheres significantly reduces systemic exposure to the antineoplastic agent, and maintains intrarenal drug levels.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





878 - 883


Albumins, Animals, Doxorubicin, Injections, Intra-Arterial, Kidney, Kidney Glomerulus, Metabolic Clearance Rate, Microspheres, Rabbits, Tissue Distribution