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BACKGROUND: Complex high-risk and indicated revascularization using percutaneous coronary intervention (CHIP-PCI) is an emerging concept that is poorly studied. OBJECTIVE: To define temporal changes in CHIP-PCI volumes, and the relationship between operator CHIP-PCI volume and patient outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were analyzed on all CHIP-PCI procedures undertaken for stable angina in England and Wales between 2007 and 2014. Operator volume data was available for 2012-14. CHIP-PCI was defined by patient characteristics (age ≥80years, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <30%, previous CABG, or chronic renal failure) and/or by procedural characteristics (left main PCI, chronic total occlusion PCI, LV support, use of rotational atherectomy or laser atherectomy). CHIP-PCI as a percentage of total PCI increased from 28.1% in 2007 to 36.2% in 2014 (P < .001). Between 2012 and 2014, a total of 30,268 CHIP-PCI cases were performed. Total operator volume varied from 1 to 580 cases with median total operator volume of 29 cases. Higher operator volumes were associated with a greater degree of patient comorbidity and increasing procedural complexity. After adjustment for baseline difference, in-hospital major bleeding (P < .001 for trend), access site complications (P < .001) and coronary perforation (P = .002) were associated with increasing operator CHIP-PCI volumes. However, the frequency of in-hospital death (P = .394) and 12-month mortality (P = .638) were similar across the volume quartiles. Higher volumes quartiles were associated with a greater likelihood of same day discharge (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: CHIP-PCI cases are an increasingly large population in contemporary PCI practice. Higher operator volumes were not associated with improved 12-month survival. CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Data were analyzed on all complex high-risk and indicated revascularization using percutaneous coronary intervention (CHIP-PCI) procedures in England and Wales between 2007 and 2014. CHIP-PCI as a percentage of total PCI increased from 28.1% in 2007 to 36.2% in 2014 (P < .001). Median total operator volume was 29 cases with higher volumes associated with more patient comorbidity and increasing procedural complexity. In-hospital major bleeding (P < .001 for trend), access site complications (P < .001) and coronary perforation (P = .002) all associated with increasing operator CHIP-PCI volumes. However, trends for in-hospital death (P = .394), and 12-month mortality (P = .638) were similar across the volume quartiles.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ahj.2019.12.019

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am Heart J

Publication Date

04/2020

Volume

222

Pages

15 - 25