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Objectives: Retrospective review of early results with aortic valve repair (AVr) techniques. Methods: 61 consecutive patients underwent AVr surgery at our institutions between 2008 and 2018. 14 patients had a bicuspid aortic valve and 16 had a connective tissue disorder. In 48 patients, aortic regurgitation (AR) was secondary to an aortic root and/or ascending aneurysms, while in 13 it was due to primary cusp pathologies. 13 patients underwent isolated cusp repair, 19 sinotubular junction remodelling, 25 valve-sparing root replacement (VSRR) and 4 hemiroot replacement. Cusp repair techniques included: 18 free margin plication, 18 commissural re-suspensions, 3 raphe resections and 1 free-edge reinforcement. Subcommissural annuloplasty was performed in 25 patients (42%) with a dilated annulus (>28 mm). Results: 50 patients (82%) left the operating theatre with no AR, 8 with mild central and 3 with mild eccentric AR. In-hospital survival was 100%. Clinical follow-up was complete at 5.08±2.29 years and all patients were alive. Transthoracic echocardiographic follow-up was complete at 2.35±1.92 years and showed the presence of a moderate AR in 10 patients (18%) and severe AR in 2 patients (4%). One of these required re-do aortic valve replacement 6 years after VSRR. Freedom from re-operation at 8 years was 88.15%±1.51%. Conclusion: Good early results are achievable following AVr with acceptable medium-term outcomes. AVr surgery continues to evolve, and concentrating the experience in specialist centres in the UK is recommended.

Original publication




Journal article


Open Heart

Publication Date





Marfans, aortic disease, aortic valve disease, surgery-valve