Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the interleukin-6 (IL-6) -174 G>C promoter polymorphism and exercise-induced femoral cortical bone resorption. Skeletal response to exercise was assessed in 130 male Caucasian army recruits. Five cross-sectional magnetic resonance images of the right femur were obtained before and after a 10-week period of basic physical training, and changes in cross-sectional cortical area were calculated. Recruits were genotyped for the -174 G>C IL-6 promoter polymorphism. Genotype frequencies (GG 36%, GC 47%, CC 22.17%) were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The mean percentage change in proximal femoral cross-sectional cortical area was strongly IL-6 genotype-dependent, with GG homozygotes losing 6.8 (3.82)% in cortical area, GC gaining+5.5 (4.88)% and CC gaining+17.3 (9.46)% (P=0.007 for linear trend). These changes persisted throughout the right femur and were significant in the femur as a whole (P=0.03). This study demonstrates an association between a functional polymorphism in the IL-6 gene and femoral cortical remodelling during strenuous physical exercise. Previous studies have suggested an important role for IL-6 in the regulation of bone mass in postmenopausal women, and in the invasion of bone by metastatic tumour deposits. These data extend these observations to the regulation of bone mass in healthy males, supporting a fundamental role for IL-6 in the regulation of bone mass and bone remodelling in humans.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00421-002-0750-x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Appl Physiol

Publication Date

03/2003

Volume

89

Pages

21 - 25

Keywords

Adult, Bone Density, Bone Resorption, Exercise, Femur, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Humans, Interleukin-6, Male, Military Personnel, Polymorphism, Genetic, United Kingdom