Human imaging of phosphorus in cortical and trabecular bone in vivo.
Robson MD., Gatehouse PD., Bydder GM., Neubauer S.
Phosphorus was imaged in vivo in human cortical and trabecular bone and the T(1) and T(2) (*) were measured. An ultrashort TE (UTE) pulse sequence (TE = 70 microm) was used with half pulse excitation and radial mapping of k-space from the center out. T(2) (*) was measured using multiple echo times and T(1) was measured both by saturation recovery and by a method using different RF pulse amplitudes. Seven normal subjects (32-85 years) were examined. Phosphorus was imaged, with a true in-plane resolution of 2.9 x 2.9 mm and a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 19:1, in both cortical and trabecular bone. The mean T(2) (*) value was 207 +/- 12 micros, and the mean T(1) value was 8.6 +/- 3.0 sec. Images and measurements were obtained in realistic times on a clinical MR system. This may provide a new approach to characterizing disease of bone.