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Phosphorus was imaged in vivo in human cortical and trabecular bone and the T(1) and T(2) (*) were measured. An ultrashort TE (UTE) pulse sequence (TE = 70 microm) was used with half pulse excitation and radial mapping of k-space from the center out. T(2) (*) was measured using multiple echo times and T(1) was measured both by saturation recovery and by a method using different RF pulse amplitudes. Seven normal subjects (32-85 years) were examined. Phosphorus was imaged, with a true in-plane resolution of 2.9 x 2.9 mm and a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 19:1, in both cortical and trabecular bone. The mean T(2) (*) value was 207 +/- 12 micros, and the mean T(1) value was 8.6 +/- 3.0 sec. Images and measurements were obtained in realistic times on a clinical MR system. This may provide a new approach to characterizing disease of bone.

Original publication




Journal article


Magn Reson Med

Publication Date





888 - 892


Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Bone and Bones, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Middle Aged, Phosphorus