Molecular mapping of class II polymorphisms in the human major histocompatibility complex. I. DR beta.
Bell JI., Denney D., MacMurray A., Foster L., Watling D., McDevitt HO.
We have studied 27 cell lines homozygous by consanguinity for the major histocompatibility complex to establish the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns seen with six different restriction enzymes (Bam HI, Bg1 II, Eco RI, Hinc II, Hind III, Pvu II) and DR beta chain probes. The probes used were a full-length cDNA DR beta probe and a probe specific for the 3' untranslated region. The RFLP obtained represent the first standard patterns for the individual haplotypes DR1 through 7 and DR9 as defined by genetically homozygous lines. The patterns obtained reflect the DR specificities closely, as well as the DRw52 and DRw53 specificities. These latter specificities are associated with the most prominent patterns of RFLP. Bands are present which are unique for the haplotypes DR1, DR2, DR4, DR7, DRw52, and DRw53, and could be used for typing these haplotypes in heterozygotes. Subtypes can be identified for all of the haplotypes except DR1. These subtypes indicate that there is an extensive amount of polymorphism in the DR subregion that has not been identified serologically.