The Influence of Aortic Valve Obstruction on the Hyperemic Intracoronary Physiology: Difference Between Resting Pd/Pa and FFR in Aortic Stenosis.
Scarsini R., De Maria GL., Di Gioia G., Kotronias RA., Aurigemma C., Zimbardo G., Burzotta F., Leone AM., Pesarini G., Trani C., Crea F., Kharbanda RK., De Bruyne B., Barbato E., Banning A., Ribichini F.
The reliability of fractional flow reserve (FFR) in aortic stenosis (AS) has been questioned because of the uncertain response to vasodilators. A retrospective multicenter cohort of 114 AS patients who underwent coronary physiology assessment was compared with 154 controls before and after propensity matching adjustment. The difference between resting distal coronary vs aortic pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) and FFR (ΔPd/Pa-FFR) was tested against the severity of AS. ΔPd/Pa-FFR was not influenced by the severity of AS in terms of aortic valve area (r = - 0.02, p = 0.83) and gradient (r = - 0.05, p = 0.64) or by the left ventricle hypertrophy (r = - 0.03, p = 0.88). Conversely, ΔPd/Pa-FFR was influenced by the presence of diabetes (r = - 0.24, p = 0.005), peripheral vascular disease (r = - 0.16, p = 0.047), and chronic kidney disease (r = - 0.19, p = 0.03). No significant difference was observed in the ΔPd/Pa-FFR between patients with AS and matched controls. Further studies are warranted to validate the FFR-guided revascularization in patients with AS.