Long-term risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (UKPDS 85).
Maddaloni E., Coleman RL., Pozzilli P., Holman RR.
AIMS: Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is diagnosed in up to 12% of adults with clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D). LADA tends to have healthier cardiovascular (CV) risk profiles than T2D, but it remains uncertain whether the risk of CV events differs between the two. We examined the risk of CV events in patients enrolled in the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) according to LADA status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetes autoantibodies (AAb) were measured in 5062 UKPDS participants. The incidence of major adverse CV events (MACE), defined as CV death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke, was compared in those with LADA (≥1 AAb test positive) and those without LADA (AAb negative). RESULTS: There were 567 participants (11.2%) with LADA. Compared with participants with T2D, they were younger, with higher mean HbA1c and HDL-cholesterol values, and with lower body mass index and total cholesterol and systolic blood pressure values (all P < 0.01). After a median (25th, 75th percentile) 17.3 (12.6-20.7) years of follow-up, MACE occurred in 157 (17.4 per 1000 person-years) participants with LADA and in 1544 (23.5 per 1000 person-years) participants with T2D (HR, 0.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62-0.86; P < 0.001). However, after adjustment for confounders, this difference was no longer significant (HRadj , 0.90; 95% CI, 0.76-1.07; P = 0.22). CONCLUSIONS: In adults thought to have newly diagnosed T2D, the long-term risk of MACE was lower in those with LADA. However, this did not differ after adjustment for traditional CV risk factors, suggesting that measurement of AAb in addition to traditional CV risk factors will not aid in stratification of CV risk in clinically diagnosed T2D.