The Role of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients with Cardiac Arrhythmias
Nikolaidou C., Ormerod JOM., Ziakas A., Neubauer S., Karamitsos TD.
Cardiac arrhythmias are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and poor quality of life. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, with its unsurpassed capability of non-invasive tissue characterisation, high accuracy, and reproducibility of measurements, plays an integral role in determining the underlying aetiology of cardiac arrhytmias. CMR can reliably diagnose previous myocardial infarction, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, characterise congenital heart disease and valvular pathologies, and also detect the underlying substrate concealed on conventional investigations in a significant proportion of patients with arrhythmias. Determining the underlying substrate of arrhythmia is of paramount importance for treatment planning and prognosis. However, CMR imaging in patients with irregular heart rates can be problematic. Understanding the different ways to overcome the limitations of CMR in arrhythmia is essential for providing high-quality imaging, comprehensive information, and definitive answers in this diverse group of patients.