Little discrepancy between one-stage and chromogenic factor VIII (FVIII)/IX assays in a large international cohort of persons with nonsevere hemophilia A and B.
Zwagemaker A-F., Kloosterman FR., Gouw SC., Boyce S., Brons P., Cnossen MH., Collins PW., Eikenboom J., Hay C., Hengeveld RCC., Jackson S., Klopper-Tol CAM., Kruip MJHA., Gorkom BL-V., Male C., Nieuwenhuizen L., Shapiro S., Fijnvandraat K., Coppens M., DYNAMO study group None.
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurements of coagulation factor activity form an essential part of hemophilia management and are performed by the one-stage or chromogenic assay. Current literature suggests that approximately one-third of persons with nonsevere hemophilia A exhibit assay discrepancy, albeit with a high variability between studies. Such data are scarce in nonsevere hemophilia B. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the extent of factor VIII/IX one-stage and chromogenic assay discrepancy in moderate and mild hemophilia A and B. METHODS: Persons with previously diagnosed nonsevere hemophilia A and B with a factor level of 2 to 35 IU/dL were included from the international DYNAMO cohort study. Central measurements of the factor VIII and IX activity levels were performed by the one-stage and chromogenic assay. Relative and absolute discrepancy definitions were used, with the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis-Scientific and Standardization Committee proposed ratio of >2.0 or <0.5 being the primary outcome. Discrepancy was also evaluated in a subgroup of 13 persons with mutations previously associated with discrepancy (≥3 cases reported in literature). RESULTS: A total of 220 persons were included, of whom 3 (1%) showed assay discrepancy: 2/175 hemophilia A and 1/45 hemophilia B. Six persons (3%) exhibited an absolute difference >10 IU/dL between the assay results. In addition, with more lenient definitions, over 90% of participants (n = 197) had no discrepant results. Only 1 out of 13 persons with a mutation previously associated with discrepancy had significant assay discrepancy. CONCLUSION: Little assay discrepancy was observed despite the presence of mutations previously associated with discrepancy, suggesting that the presence and magnitude of assay discrepancy are largely determined by laboratory variables.