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The neural crest is a multipotent, migratory cell population that is unique to vertebrate embryos and gives rise to many derivatives, ranging from the peripheral nervous system to the craniofacial skeleton and pigment cells. A multimodule gene regulatory network mediates the complex process of neural crest formation, which involves the early induction and maintenance of the precursor pool, emigration of the neural crest progenitors from the neural tube via an epithelial to mesenchymal transition, migration of progenitor cells along distinct pathways and overt differentiation into diverse cell types. Here, we review our current understanding of these processes and discuss the molecular players that are involved in the neural crest gene regulatory network.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/nrm2428

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol

Publication Date

07/2008

Volume

9

Pages

557 - 568

Keywords

Animals, Cell Cycle, Cell Differentiation, Cell Movement, Embryonic Induction, Gap Junctions, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Gene Regulatory Networks, Morphogenesis, Neural Crest, Signal Transduction, Stem Cells, Transcription Factors