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AIMS: Despite the fact that fractional flow reserve (FFR) is better than angiography in guiding PCI, in the real world the choice to perform PCI is generally based on angiography. Three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) may increase the accuracy of angiography, especially in intermediate coronary artery stenosis (ICAS). The aim of the study was to assess the best cut-off values of area stenosis % (AS%) and the extent of jeopardised myocardium for predicting FFR and for excluding the need to perform FFR. METHODS AND RESULTS: FFR, AS% and Myocardial Jeopardy Index (MJI) were assessed in 211 ICAS. MJI (=-0.36; p=0.001), AS% (=-0.35; p=0.001) and presence of a chronic total occlusion (CTO) (=-0.15; p=0.01) were independent predictors of FFR. In patients without CTO (174 lesions), the best cut-offs for the detection of FFR ≤0.80 for AS% and MJI were 61% (AUC=0.76; p<0.001) and 30% (AUC=0.71; p<0.001), respectively. More importantly, the cut-offs of AS% safely to exclude (100% sensitivity) an FFR ≤0.80 were 40% (AUC=0.85, p<0.001) for an MJI ≥30% and 50% (AUC=0.70, p<0.04) for an MJI <30%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: AS%, MJI and the presence of a CTO predicted FFR values. 3D-QCA in addition to MJI allows the safe exclusion of FFR ≤0.80, limiting FFR assessment to doubtful cases with considerable reduction of costs.

Original publication

DOI

10.4244/EIJV11I3A58

Type

Journal article

Journal

EuroIntervention

Publication Date

07/2015

Volume

11

Pages

308 - 318

Keywords

Aged, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Stenosis, Female, Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Severity of Illness Index