Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

CONTEXT: Insulin resistance, which associates with levels of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and adiponectin, is implicated in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the potential contribution of RBP4 and adiponectin in the etiology of PCOS and their relationships with specific fat depot measurements. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Serum RBP4 and adiponectin levels were compared between 50 PCOS cases and 28 female controls (including 22 body mass index/fat mass-matched pairs) and correlated with specific fat depot (including visceral) axial magnetic resonance imaging cross-sectional area measurements. All subjects were of U.K. British/Irish origin. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Serum levels of RBP4 (automated immunonephelometric assay) and adiponectin [immunoassay: total and high molecular weight (HMW)]. Data are reported as geometric mean (sd, range) and optionally adjusted for fat mass and age. RESULTS: Between the 50 PCOS cases and 28 controls, serum RBP4 levels were indistinguishable [39.0 microg/ml (31.0, 49.0) vs. 41.6 microg/ml (32.7, 52.9), respectively, unadjusted P = 0.24; adjusted P = 0.55]. Total (and HMW) adiponectin levels were lower in PCOS cases [total adiponectin 19.9 microg/ml (14.2, 27.8) vs. 25.8 microg/ml (17.7, 37.7), respectively, unadjusted P = 2.4 x 10(-3); adjusted P = 0.10]. For the paired-sample analyzes, there were no differences in RBP4 (P = 0.09), total adiponectin (P = 0.06), HMW adiponectin (P =0.19), or HMW to total adiponectin ratio (P = 0.98). In PCOS cases, L4-visceral fat area was associated positively with RBP4 (r(2) = 0.34, P = 0.01) and negatively with HMW to total adiponectin ratio (r(2) = -0.44, P = 1.3 x 10(-3)). Controls showed similar relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Although associated with visceral fat, serum RBP4 and adiponectin levels do not play important, fat-mass-independent primary roles in the development of PCOS.

Original publication

DOI

10.1210/jc.2007-2759

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Endocrinol Metab

Publication Date

07/2008

Volume

93

Pages

2859 - 2865

Keywords

Adiponectin, Adult, Female, Humans, Insulin Resistance, Intra-Abdominal Fat, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Retinol-Binding Proteins, Plasma, Testosterone