Alterations in myocardial creatinine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzyme-distribution in a model of left ventricular dysfunction.
Muders F., Neubauer S., Luchner A., Fredersdorf S., Ickenstein G., Riegger GA., Horn M., Elsner D.
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate myocardial creatinine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) systems in a model of epinephrine-induced cardiomyopathy in rabbits. Eight rabbits received four repetitive epinephrine infusions (300 mg/kg/60 min, i.v.) in 12-day intervals and eight untreated rabbits served as controls (CTRL). Echocardiography demonstrated a significant deterioration of LV function as well as increased LV-diameter and -mass index in catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy. Histological examination revealed that repetitive catecholamine infusion resulted in LV fibrous areas with collagenous content and an increase in myocyte width (16.9+/-0.8 microm vs. CTRL 12.9+/-0.9; P<0.05). LV dysfunction was associated with a decreased total LV lactate dehydrogenase activity (LDH; 0.43+/-0.03 IU/mg protein vs. CTRL 0.52+/-0.04; P<0.05) whereas total creatinine kinase activity was unchanged (CK; 7.30+/-0.63 IU/mg protein vs. CTRL 9.20+/-0.49, n.s.). Furthermore, myocardial LDH isoenzymes were shifted with a decrease in LDH(1) and an increase in LDH2 and LDH3 (LDH(1): 84.90+/-2.60% vs. CTRL 94.50+/-0.40; LDH2: 7.30+/-1.20% vs. 1.50+/-0.13; LDH3: 5.40+/-0.90% vs. 3.20+/-0.25; all P<0.05). Foetal B-CK isoenzymes were significantly increased (CK-MB 5.30+/-0.66 vs. 2.20+/-0.35%; P<0.05). The current study demonstrates changes in cardiac energy metabolism including an impaired LDH activity with a shift towards anaerobic isoenzymes as well as a more efficient CK system in a model of catecholamine-induced LV dysfunction.