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Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) is an incretin released from enteroendocrine K cells in response to nutrient intake, especially fat. GIP is one of the contributing factors inducing fat accumulation that results in obesity. A recent study shows that fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) is expressed in murine K cells and is involved in fat-induced GIP secretion. We investigated the mechanism of fat-induced GIP secretion and the impact of FABP5-related GIP response on diet-induced obesity (DIO). Single oral administration of glucose and fat resulted in a 40% reduction of GIP response to fat but not to glucose in whole body FABP5-knockout (FABP5(-/-)) mice, with no change in K cell count or GIP content in K cells. In an ex vivo experiment using isolated upper small intestine, oleic acid induced only a slight increase in GIP release, which was markedly enhanced by coadministration of bile and oleic acid together with attenuated GIP response in the FABP5(-/-) sample. FABP5(-/-) mice exhibited a 24% reduction in body weight gain and body fat mass under a high-fat diet compared with wild-type (FABP5(+/+)) mice; the difference was not observed between GIP-GFP homozygous knock-in (GIP(gfp/gfp))-FABP5(+/+) mice and GIP(gfp/gfp)-FABP5(-/-) mice, in which GIP is genetically deleted. These results demonstrate that bile efficiently amplifies fat-induced GIP secretion and that FABP5 contributes to the development of DIO in a GIP-dependent manner.

Original publication




Journal article


American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism

Publication Date





E583 - E591


Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan;


Cells, Cultured, Animals, Mice, Transgenic, Mice, Obesity, Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide, Glucose, Dietary Fats, Neoplasm Proteins, Eating, Enteroendocrine Cells, Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins, Diet, High-Fat