Long-term clinical outcomes in patients with a working diagnosis of myocardial infarction with non-obstructed coronary arteries (MINOCA) assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging.
Ananthakrishna R., Liang Z., Raman B., Moran JL., Rajvi B., Patil S., Grover S., Bridgman C., Selvanayagam JB.
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructed coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a distinct entity among patients presenting with troponin-positive acute chest pain. We have previously reported on the incremental diagnostic capability of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in this cohort. There is paucity of evidence on the long-term (> 5 years) clinical outcomes of these patients as graded by their acute CMR diagnosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 229 patients with a working diagnosis of MINOCA who underwent CMR assessment during the acute admission (2010-2017) were prospectively studied. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as a composite of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular readmissions, identified from hospital and primary care records. CMR performed at a median of 6 days (IQR 2, 8) from presentation provided a diagnosis in 85% of the patients (38% myocarditis, 28% acute myocardial infarction and 19% Takotsubo cardiomyopathy). Over a median follow-up of 7.1 years (IQR 3.7, 8.2), 56 (24%) patients experienced a MACE. We found a strong association between CMR diagnosis and MACE (log rank 30.47, p