Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Hyperpolarized 13C Magnetic Resonance Imaging (13C-MRI) provides a highly sensitive tool to probe tissue metabolism in vivo and has recently been translated into clinical studies. We report the cerebral metabolism of intravenously injected hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate in the brain of healthy human volunteers for the first time. Dynamic acquisition of 13C images demonstrated 13C-labeling of both lactate and bicarbonate, catalyzed by cytosolic lactate dehydrogenase and mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase respectively. This demonstrates that both enzymes can be probed in vivo in the presence of an intact blood-brain barrier: the measured apparent exchange rate constant (kPL) for exchange of the hyperpolarized 13C label between [1-13C]pyruvate and the endogenous lactate pool was 0.012 ± 0.006 s-1 and the apparent rate constant (kPB) for the irreversible flux of [1-13C]pyruvate to [13C]bicarbonate was 0.002 ± 0.002 s-1. Imaging also revealed that [1-13C]pyruvate, [1-13C]lactate and [13C]bicarbonate were significantly higher in gray matter compared to white matter. Imaging normal brain metabolism with hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate and subsequent quantification, have important implications for interpreting pathological cerebral metabolism in future studies.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





171 - 179


Brain, Carbon-13, Hyperpolarized, MRI, Metabolism, Pyruvate, Adult, Brain, Carbon Isotopes, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Neuroimaging, Pyruvic Acid