Optical coherence tomography to guide percutaneous treatment of coronary bifurcation disease.
Wolfrum M., De Maria GL., Banning AP.
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease remains the most common cause of death worldwide. Enormous progress in the technology and applicability of percutaneous techniques to treat obstructive coronary heart disease has been made, and the number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is increasing. Coronary bifurcations are involved in a substantial number of PCIs and despite recent advances, bifurcation PCI remains a challenge in terms of immediate success and long-term outcome. Angiography has a limited capacity for showing important features of the 3 dimensional coronary vessel anatomy, position of stent struts and exact wire positions and is therefore suboptimal for guiding bifurcation PCI. Intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides high resolution and the information gained during PCI is unprecedented compared with angiography guidance and intravascular ultrasound. Areas covered: This review will provide an overview of the use of OCT to guide bifurcation-PCI. Expert commentary: OCT is a promising guide for bifurcation-PCI at each individual step: from planning the strategy (provisional versus two-stent strategy), to guidance during PCI, and finally checking the interventional result. Until dedicated randomized trails are complete, we recommend OCT guidance for interventions in complex coronary bifurcation disease and for imaging when unexpected procedural events occur.