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Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to transform every facet of cardiovascular practice and research. The exponential rise in technology powered by AI is defining new frontiers in cardiovascular care, with innovations that span novel diagnostic modalities, new digital native biomarkers of disease, and high-performing tools evaluating care quality and prognosticating clinical outcomes. These digital innovations promise expanded access to cardiovascular screening and monitoring, especially among those without access to high-quality, specialized care historically. Moreover, AI is propelling biological and clinical discoveries that will make future cardiovascular care more personalized, precise, and effective. The review brings together these diverse AI innovations, highlighting developments in multimodal cardiovascular AI across clinical practice and biomedical discovery, and envisioning this new future backed by contemporary science and emerging discoveries. Finally, we define the critical path and the safeguards essential to realizing this AI-enabled future that helps achieve optimal cardiovascular health and outcomes for all.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Publication Date





97 - 114