A meta-analytic evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of the electrocardiographic Peguero-Lo Presti criterion for left ventricular hypertrophy.
Noubiap JJ., Agbaedeng TA., Nyaga UF., Nkoke C., Jingi AM.
Although electrocardiography (ECG) is a cost-effective and convenient tool for routine screening of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), its performance has been shown to be poor. The Peguero-Lo Presti, a novel voltage criterion, was found to be potentially better than the most commonly used criteria. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of its diagnostic accuracy compared to Cornell and Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria. Bibliographic databases were searched to identify relevant articles. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed for comparison. Ten studies reporting data from 5984 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. Peguero-Lo Presti had the highest pooled sensitivity (43.0%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 30.2-56.9) followed by Cornell (26.1%; 95% CI: 16.9-37.9) and Sokolow Lyon (22.0%; 95% CI: 14.1-32.7). However, Peguero-Lo Presti had the lesser pooled specificity (90.5%; 95% CI: 86.3-93.5) and Cornell the highest (94.9%; 95% CI: 90.3-97.3). The pooled DOR was 6.63 (95% CI: 3.95-11.13), 5.50 (95% CI: 3.64-8.30), and 2.94 (95% CI: 2.20-3.92) for Peguero-Lo Presti, Cornell, and Sokolow-Lyon, respectively. Peguero-Lo Presti had the best accuracy according to summary ROC curves, with an area under the curve of 0.827 compared to 0.715 for Cornell, and 0.623 for Sokolow-Lyon. In conclusion, according to this meta-analysis, Peguero-Lo Presti has a better diagnostic performance than Cornell and Sokolow-Lyon and might be more useful in routine clinical practice as a screening tool for LVH.