Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Because of its success in treatment of acute cardiac ischemia, there is interest in the use of abciximab for treating patients with acute ischemic stroke. A previous dose-escalation study determined that abciximab could be given safely in a regimen of 0.25 mg/kg intravenous bolus followed by a 12-hour infusion at 0.125 microg/kg per minute (maximum 10 microg/min). This study was performed to obtain more information about the safety and potential efficacy of abciximab in patients with stroke. METHODS: An international randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial enrolled 400 patients within 6 hours of onset of ischemic stroke. The primary safety outcome was the rate of symptomatic hemorrhage that occurred during the first 5 days after stroke. The primary efficacy measure was the distribution of outcomes at 3 months after stroke using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) based on an ordinal regression model of outcomes, adjusting for baseline severity of stroke, age, and interval from stroke. RESULTS: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 5 days was diagnosed in 7 of 195 (3.6%) patients treated with abciximab and 2 of 199 (1%) patients given placebo (odds ratio [OR], 3.7; P=0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.7 to 25.9). Asymptomatic hemorrhagic transformation was detected by brain imaging in 24 patients administered abciximab and 33 patients receiving placebo (OR, 0.74; P=0.25; 95% CI, 0.4 to 1.3). Treatment with abciximab showed a nonsignificant shift in favorable outcomes as measured by mRS scores at 3 months (OR, 1.20; P=0.33; 95% CI, 0.84 to 1.70). CONCLUSIONS: Intravenously administered abciximab can be given to patients with a reasonable degree of safety. The trial also suggests that abciximab could improve outcomes at 3 months after stroke. A larger randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial is necessary to test the efficacy of abciximab.

Original publication

DOI

10.1161/01.STR.0000157668.39374.56

Type

Journal article

Journal

Stroke

Publication Date

04/2005

Volume

36

Pages

880 - 890

Keywords

Abciximab, Acute Disease, Aged, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Brain, Brain Ischemia, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Double-Blind Method, Emergency Treatment, Female, Humans, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Placebos, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors, Regression Analysis, Stroke, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome