Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Patient blood management (PBM) refers to an evidence-based package of care that aims to improve patient outcomes by optimal use of transfusion therapy, including managing anaemia, preventing blood loss and improving anaemia tolerance in surgical and other patients who may need transfusion. In adults, PBM programmes are well established, yet the definition and implementation of PBM in neonates and children lags behind. Neonates and infants are frequently transfused, yet they are often under-represented in transfusion trials. Adult PBM programmes may not be directly applicable to these populations. We review the literature in neonatal (and applicable paediatric) transfusion medicine and propose specific neonatal PBM definitions and elements.

Original publication




Journal article


Transfus Med

Publication Date





117 - 131


neonate, paediatric, patient blood management, transfusion, Anemia, Blood Loss, Surgical, Blood Transfusion, Delivery of Health Care, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male