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BACKGROUND: Long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events; however, there is a paucity of risk-stratification tools to identify those at higher-than-normal risk. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: This was a population-based study using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (1973-2013). Long-term CCS (age at diagnosis ≤19 years, survival ≥5 years) were followed up over a median time period of 12.3 (5-40.9) years. Independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality (CVM) were combined into a risk score, which was developed in a derivation set (n = 22,374), and validated in separate patient registries (n = 6,437). RESULTS: In the derivation registries, older age at diagnosis (≥10 years vs. reference group of 1-5 years), male sex, non-white race, a history of lymphoma, and a history of radiation were independently associated with an increased risk of CVM among long-term CCS (p 

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





965 - 973


Cancer, Cardiovascular risk, Childhood, Mortality, Survivorship, Adult, Cancer Survivors, Cardiovascular Diseases, Female, Humans, Male, Neoplasms, Risk Factors, Young Adult